French prisoners of war in Berlin

Camp, work and everyday life

2 February 2023 | 7 pm

French prisoners of war were interned in Berlin for five years (1940-1945). Here they formed the largest group of prisoners of war until autumn 1943.

In addition to the large Lichterfelde and Falkensee camps, French prisoners of war were housed in hundreds of work detachments, spread throughout Berlin. In March 1941, the group numbered around 20,000 men. Most of them had to work.

Starting from the Lichterfelde camp, Thomas Irmer illuminates the group of French prisoners of war in Berlin in his lecture. Eva Kuby presents the magazine "Matricule X", which appeared in at least 50 issues from 1941 to 1945 and was aimed at French prisoners of war in Berlin.

Welcome: Dr. Christine Glauning
Head of the Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre

Overview lecture: Thomas Irmer
Historian, political scientist, expert on the history of Nazi forced labour


Nazi forced labour on our doorstep

Series of events 12 Berlin districts, 12 events

80 years ago, in 1942, forced labour became a mass phenomenon in Berlin. As the war wore on, the German economy's need for labour grew immeasurably. In March 1942, the Nazi regime created a central authority, the "General Plenipotentiary for the Deployment of Labour", to organise the deportation of more and more people more efficiently. Hundreds of new accommodation camps were built in Berlin as part of the "Lagerbauaktion 1942".

The series takes a look at the individual Berlin districts in 12 events. What does this crime, which took place on our doorstep, have to do with our society today? And why did it take so long to come to terms with it? Lectures, readings, film screenings and discussions are planned as part of the series of events. The focus will be on places of forced labour that have only recently been "rediscovered".

Thursday, 20 January 2022, 6 pm
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf Museum, online

Thursday, 17 February 2022, 6 pm
Treptow-Köpenick Museums, Treptow-Köpenick Adult Education Centre, Baumschulenstr. 79-81

Thursday, 17 March 2022, 6 p.m.
Museum Reinickendorf, Alt-Hermsdorf 35

Thursday, 7 April 2022, 6 p.m.
Citadel Zitadelle, Am Juliusturm 64

Thursday, 19 May 2022, 6 pm
Mitte Museum, Pankstr. 47

Thursday, 16 June 2022, 6 p.m.
FHXB Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg Museum, Adalbertstr. 95A

Thursday, 14 July 2022, 6 p.m.
Tempelhof Schöneberg museums, information point heavy load body, General-Pape-Str. 100

Thursday, 25 August 2022, 6 p.m.
Department of Culture Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Schwartzsche Villa, Grunewaldstr. 55

Thursday, 22 September 2022, 6 p.m.
Museum Pankow, Prenzlauer Allee 227-228

Thursday, 20 October 2022, 6 p.m.
Marzahn-Hellersdorf District Museum, Alt-Marzahn 51

Thursday, 17 November 2022, 6 p.m.
Museum Neukölln, Alt-Britz 81

Thursday, 8 December 2022, 6 p.m.
Museum Lichtenberg, Türrschmidtstr. 24

Nazi Forced Labour in the Berlin Districts - Part 12

Lichtenberg: Places of Nazi Forced Labour and Commemoration

8 December 2022 | 7 pm | Museum Lichtenberg

Nazi forced labour was also omnipresent in Lichtenberg. In addition, institutions of forced labour of supra-regional importance were located in the district.

In Lichtenberg, forced labour took place both in well-known industrial companies, e.g. Knorr-Bremse, and in agriculture. The Rummelsburg workhouse in the district was an institution that had already practised forced labour in the Empire. The Wuhlheide "labour education camp" (Arbeitserziehungslager) played a key role in the persecution of forced labourers in Berlin.

Examples of places of forced labour and persecution are the focus of Thomas Irmer's lecture on the profile of Nazi forced labour in Lichtenberg. Roland Borchers will present current forms of commemoration.

Welcome and moderation: Anna Maria Katz
Head of the Department of Museum and History / Museum Lichtenberg

Greeting: Dr. Christine Glauning
Director of the Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre

Overview lecture: Thomas Irmer
Historian, political scientist, expert on the history of Nazi forced labour

Commemoration: Roland Borchers
Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre

The Stalag III D

Prisoners of war in Berlin

Thursday, 1 December 2022, 7 pm

The event presents new research on the Berlin prisoner of war camp Stalag III D, about which little is known so far.

The Wehrmacht founded Stalag III D in August 1940 with the establishment of the Lichterfelde camp. Further camp locations were established in Falkensee, Kaulsdorf, Friedrichsfelde and Großbeeren, among others. In addition, there were hundreds of other work detachments, most of which were also housed in camps.

French prisoners of war formed the largest group in Stalag III D for a long time; this is the subject of the exhibition "Past and Forgotten?" From 1943, the Wehrmacht brought over 30,000 Italians to Berlin. It is little known that there were also over 10,000 Soviet prisoners in Stalag III D.

Welcome address: Dr. Christine Glauning
Head of the Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre

Greeting: Dr. Heike Winkel
German War Graves Commission (Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge e.V.)

Overview lecture: Barbara Schulz
Office for Contemporary History and Monument Preservation

Italian military internees: Arne Pannen
Sachsenhausen Memorial and Museum

Soviet prisoners of war: Kolja Buchmeier
Brandenburg Memorials Foundation

Chair: Dr. Babette Quinkert
Museum Berlin-Karlshorst

At 6 p.m. there will be a curator's tour of the exhibition "Past and Forgotten? The Lichterfelde Camp and the French Prisoners of War" will take place.

The permanent exhibition will be open until 7 pm.

Event Series Part XI: Neukölln

Workshop discussion on the memorial lab at the Clay School

Thursday, 17 November 2022 | 6 pm

Venue: Festsaal Schloss Britz, Alt-Britz 73, 12359 Berlin

The Clay School in Rudow is being rebuilt on a former camp site. Its history is to be integrated into the new building as a memorial laboratory.

The accommodation camp existed from 1941 to 1945. A few years ago, the last remaining barrack was demolished. In 2014, an archaeological excavation was carried out on the site with the participation of students.

Material legacies are becoming increasingly important for dealing with the Nazi era. This development will be taken into account in the new school building by exhibiting finds from the camp grounds in the memorial laboratory. The workshop discussion will provide an insight into the state of planning.

Greeting: Dr. Christine Glauning
Director of the Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre

Introduction and moderation: Dr. Matthias Henkel
Director of the Museum Neukölln

Brigitte Fischer | Staab-Architekten office
Silvia Haslauer | Museum teacher / Albert Einstein School
Philip Hefke | Museum teacher / Fritz-Karsen-Schule
Niels Plaumann | Clay School, Head of Department
Marisa Schulz | Museum Neukölln
Lothar Semmel | former deputy head of the Clay School

A 12-part series of events in cooperation with the Berlin Regional Museums (January-December 2022).


Nazi Forced Labour in the Berlin Districts - Part 9

Pankow - Nazi Forced Labour and the Health Service

22 September 2022 | 6 pm | Museum Pankow - Cultural and Educational Centre Sebastian Haffner

Health care was a key moment in the system of Nazi forced labour. It was here that extreme Nazi racism was revealed.

Health care and the forced labour system overlapped in many areas: from fitness examinations in the home country and in transit camps to sickness collection and deportation camps to childbirth. Many forced labourers died in so-called hospitals for foreigners.

Bernhard Bremberger illustrates the interfaces between health care and forced labour with selected examples from today's district of Pankow. Bernt Roder presents current memorial projects.

Welcome and presentation of current projects:
Bernt Roder, Director Museum Pankow

Dr. Christine Glauning; Director Documentation Centre Nazi Forced Labour.

Dr. Bernhard Bremberger; Historian

A 12-part event series in cooperation with the Berlin Regional Museums (January-December 2022).

The event will be recorded and made available on the Documentation Centre's YouTube channel.

Human Commodity | Ware Mensch

Ceremonial act and opening concert

17 September 2022

A musical-documentary memorial by the Marc Sinan Company and the Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre.

Forced labour was a central component of the Nazi dictatorship. Between 1938 and 1945, around 13 million people had to perform forced labour in the German Reich. In Berlin alone, some 500,000 forced labourers were distributed throughout the city in around 3,000 camps and collective accommodation centres. At no time were so many people from other countries living in Berlin and forced to work.

The project "Human Commodity" uses an interactive app to commemorate 99 places of forced labour in Berlin and makes the stories of 99 forced labourers audible. In addition to central historical information, musicians present the pieces composed by Marc Sinan. The 99 audio miniatures are representative of all victims of Nazi forced labour.

The memorial will be presented in two parts for the first time on 17 September 2022. A ceremony will take place at the Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre at 2 p.m. - with lectures, music and guided tours of the grounds. In addition, the sound artist Kaffe Matthews will offer cycling tours with her 'Sonic Bikes', developed especially for the project.

In the Spreehalle Berlin you can experience a photo exhibition on Human Commodity from 5 pm and the opening concert by the Marc Sinan Company at 6 pm.


Open Monument Day

Saturday 10 September 2022

11 am Kiez Rundgang - NS Forced Labour in Schöneweide

13 am Tour of the exhibition on the Italian military internees and the grounds with barrack 13

3 pm Tour of everyday forced labour 1938-1945 and grounds


Sunday 11 September 2022

11 am Guided tour of the exhibition : Forced Labour in the Daily round and Barack 13 - in English

1 pm Guided tour : Sickness and Forced Labour

3 pm Guided tour Exhibition Everyday Forced Labour 1938-1945 and Grounds

Please allow two hours for all activities. No registration is required. We look forward to seeing you.

Nazi Forced Labour in the Berlin Districts - Part 7

Tempelhof-Schöneberg Nazi Forced Labour at Tempelhof Airport and in Mariendorf

14  July 2022 | 6 pm | Schöneberg Museum

Tempelhof was once an important industrial site in Berlin. During the Second World War, production was kept going by forced labourers.

Thousands of people had to perform forced labour for Lufthansa and Weser Flugzeugbau on the Tempelhof field. Traces of the accommodation camps were uncovered during archaeological excavations from 2012 to 2014. In her lecture, Kathrin Misterek provides insights into the excavation project and the dimensions of forced labour.

Miklas Weber has been dealing with Nazi persecution in Mariendorf for a long time. Two forced labour camps existed at the former Mariendorf freight station. In 1944, a Soviet forced labourer was shot there "on the run", and two others were deported to concentration camps. The area is currently being developed as the "Marienhöfe" project.

Welcome & moderation:
Philipp Holt, Deputy Director of the Tempelhof-Schöneberg Museums.

Dr. Christine Glauning, Director of the Documentation Centre Nazi Forced Labour.

Kathrin Misterek, archaeologist

Miklas Weber, neighbourhood researcher

On Saturday, 23 July 2022, Ms Misterek will offer a guided tour of Tempelhofer Feld at 4 pm. Registration: museum@ba-ts.berlin.de or 030 / 90 277 6163. The meeting point will be announced upon registration. A 12-part event series in cooperation with the Berlin Regional Museums (January-December 2022).




Workshop: 23-24 May 2022
Free University of Berlin
Hittorfstraße 18
14195 Berlin

Zygmunt Bauman called the 20th century the "century of the camps." This designation also applies to the first decades of the current millennium. There are still forced labour and refugee camps, military camps and camps for prisoners of war. The radical exclusion practiced by earlier forced labour and concentration camps is still found in camps today, albeit in other ways. 

Camps are established for very different reasons. An important question to be addressed in this workshop is that of the commonalities and differences among them. Camps create a highly structured spatial order of exclusion but also determine to a large extent the materiality of internees' lives. Camp administrators strive to de-individualise incarcerated people. Material barriers limit their freedom of choice. Partitioning of space and control structures are among the best-known characteristics of camps, but the control of access to everyday things deserves equal attention. 

The aim of the conference is to examine the materiality of camps as a central element of exclusionary practices both in the past and present. The conference will also address the possibilities and limits of comparability, both diachronic and synchronic.


Nazi Forced Labour in the Berlin Districts - Part 5

Mitte - Forced Labour of Berlin Jews and Forced Labour in Moabit

19 May 2022 | 6 am | Mitte Museum

The event offers an overview of Nazi forced labour in today's Mitte district and presents a current project from Moabit.

In his lecture, Thomas Irmer looks at the history of forced labour in Mitte. One focus is on "closed labour deployment", i.e. the forced labour of Berlin Jews, which he examines using the example of the electrical industry.

The initiative "Your Last Path" presents the project "Forced Labour in Moabit 1938-1945". As part of the event, it will open an exhibition at the Mitte Museum showing places of forced labour in Moabit.

Welcome & moderation:
Nathan Friedenberg, Director of the Mitte Museum

Dr. Christine Glauning, Director of the Nazi Forced Labor Documentation Center.

Thomas Irmer, historian, political scientist, expert on the history of Nazi forced labour and the electrical industry

Thomas Schöndorfer, initiative "Your last way" of the association "They were neighbours e.V.", Moabit

A 12-part event series in cooperation with the Berlin Regional Museums (January-December 2022).

A recording of the event can be found afterwards on the YouTube channel of the Documentation Centre.

Aircraft production and forced labour at Henschel

The first airport in Schönefeld

Wednesday, 27.04.2022 | 7 pm | online

The company operating Berlin's new airport, Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH, has commissioned scientists to research the history of Schönefeld Airport under National Socialism. As early as 1933, the Henschel company began building an airfield and aircraft factory there.

From 1936, Henschel produced aircraft under licence, and subsequently also its own aircraft. Remote-controlled missiles were also tested. After the beginning of the Second World War, an increasing number of forced labourers were employed. In 1943 there were more than 5,000 workers, mainly from the Soviet Union and Poland, who had to perform forced labour in the Schönefeld factory.

Prof. Christoph Bernhardt and Dr Stefanie Brünenberg describe the construction of the factory, but above all the working and living conditions of the forced labourers. Dr. Lutz Budraß, specialist in the history of Nazi aviation, moderates and comments.

Welcome: Dr. Christine Glauning, Director of the Nazi Forced Labor Documentation Center

Greeting: Sabine Deckwerth, Berlin-Brandenburg Airport GmbH

Lecture: Prof. Dr. Christoph Bernhardt, Leibniz Institute for Spatial Social Research, Humboldt University Berlin

Lecture: Dr.-Ing. Stefanie Brünenberg, Leibniz Institute for Spatial Social Research

Moderation: Dr. Lutz Budraß, Ruhr University Bochum


Nazi Forced Labour in the Berlin Districts - Part 4


Thursday, 7 April 2022 | 6 pm | Stadtgeschichtliches Museum Spandau, Zitadelle

Many armament factories were located in Spandau, especially the Siemens Group. They employed forced labourers on a large scale.

In a panel discussion, four experts will discuss the dimensions of forced labour in Spandau and the state of reappraisal. As the recent debate on the occasion of the development of the former aviation equipment factory on Streitstraße illustrates, not all sites have yet been adequately researched. The discussion will also show that the surrounding area was also integrated into the Berlin forced labour system, for example the municipality of Falkensee.

Welcome & moderation:
Dr. Urte Evert
Director of the Stadtgeschichtliches Museum Spandau

Dr. Christine Glauning
Director of the Nazi Forced Labor Documentation Center

Torsten Dressler
Archaeologist, building researcher and monument conservator
Gabriele Helbig
Director of the Falkensee Museum and Gallery
Uwe Hofschläger
Youth History Workshop Spandau
Florian Kemmelmeier
Topography of Terror Foundation

A 12-part series of events in cooperation with the Berlin Regional Museums (January-December 2022).

The event will take place in Spandau with an audience on site. A recording will be made available by the Documentation Centre on its YouTube channel.

Nazi Forced Labour in the Berlin Districts - Part 3

Reinickendorf - Nazi Forced Labour and the Use of Accommodation Camps after 1945

Donnerstag, 17. März 2022 | 18 Uhr | online

Reinickendorf war Sitz großer Industriebetriebe wie Rheinmetall-Borsig, Alkett und Argus Motoren, die zahlreiche Zwangsarbeiter:innen beschäftigten.

Ein Unterkunftslager der Firmen Alkett und Maget ist in Tegel teilweise noch vorhanden und seit 2010 als „Historischer Ort Krumpuhler Weg“ zugänglich. Die Baracken gehören zu den wenigen erhaltenen in Berlin.

Die Historikerin Gertraud Schrage hat umfassend zu Zwangsarbeit im Bezirk geforscht und publiziert. Sie wird in ihrem Vortrag einen Überblick über die Dimensionen der Zwangsarbeit im Berliner Nordwesten geben. Klaus Schlickeiser ist ausgewiesener Experte für die Geschichte Reinickendorfs und seiner Ortsteile. Sein Vortrag widmet sich der Nachnutzung von Unterkunftslagern nach Kriegsende - ein bislang wenig erforschtes Thema.

Begrüßung: Dr. Christine Glauning, Leiterin des Dokumentationszentrums NS-Zwangsarbeit

Grußwort & Moderation: Dr. Cornelia Gerner, Leiterin des Museums Reinickendorf

Vortrag: Dr. Gertraud Schrage Historikerin, Expertin für das Thema NS-Zwangsarbeit in Reinickendorf

Vortrag: Klaus Schlickeiser Lokalhistoriker, Autor mehrerer Bücher über die Geschichte Reinickendorfs

Eine 12-teilige Veranstaltungsreihe in Kooperation mit den Berliner Regionalmuseen (Januar-Dezember 2022).


German Occupation, Forced Labour and Holocaust in Greece 1941-1944

Donnerstag, 24.02.2022 | 19 Uhr | online

Geschichte und Folgen der Besetzung Griechenlands durch deutsche Truppen im Zweiten Weltkrieg sind in Deutschland immer noch kaum bekannt.

Dr. Iason Chandrinos gibt einen Überblick über die Umstände der Besatzungsherrschaft, die u.a. zu einer Hungersnot mit rund hunderttausend Toten führte. Er schildert die von den Deutschen angeordnete Zwangsarbeit sowie den Holocaust an der jüdischen Bevölkerung aus Saloniki, Athen und weiteren griechischen Regionen. Chandrinos wird dabei besonders auf die Zwangsarbeit eingehen, der die Juden Salonikis unterworfen wurden.

Thomas Schleissing-Niggemann liest aus den Erinnerungsberichten zweier Überlebender aus Saloniki: Shaul Chazan und Josef Sackar.

Dr. Christine Glauning, Leiterin des Dokumentationszentrums NS-Zwangsarbeit

Dr. Iason Chandrinos, Historiker (Universität Regensburg)

Thomas Schleissing-Niggemann

Dr. Ulrich Baumann, Stiftung Denkmal für die ermordeten Juden Europas
Einladung  Zugang via YouTube

Nazi Forced Labour in the Berlin Districts - Part 2

Treptow-Köpenick - Forced Labour and Commemoration in Adlershof and Baumschulenweg

Donnerstag, 17. Februar 2022 | 18 Uhr | online

In Treptow-Köpenick wurde jüngst ein Audiorundgang zum Thema Zwangsarbeit eingeweiht, eine weitere Gedenktafel ist in Vorbereitung.

Der „Audiorundgang zu NS-Zwangsarbeit in Adlershof“ wurde im September 2021 eröffnet. Thomas Irmer spricht über seine historische Recherche: Unterkunftslager, Einsatzorte und Unternehmen, die von der Ausbeutung profitierten. Anschließend stellt das Projektteam den Audiorundgang in einer Gesprächsrunde vor.

Andreas Freiberg hat die Spuren von Nationalsozialismus und Zwangsarbeit im Ortsteil Baumschulenweg erforscht. Der Lokalhistoriker ist Initiator von 17 Stolpersteinen und engagiert sich für die Sichtbarmachung von Zwangsarbeit. Eine in Baumschulenweg geplante Gedenktafel geht auf seine Initiative zurück.

Agathe Conradi, Leiterin der Museen Treptow-Köpenick

Dr. Christine Glauning, Leiterin des Dokumentationszentrums NS-Zwangsarbeit

Thomas Irmer, Historiker, Politologe, Kurator zahlreicher Ausstellungen

Roland Borchers (Dokumentationszentrum NS-Zwangsarbeit), Agathe Conradi, Thomas Irmer, Matthias Wiedebusch (Museen Treptow-Köpenick)

Vortrag: Andreas Freiberg
Bürgerverein Baumschulenweg e. V.

Eine 12-teilige Veranstaltungsreihe in Kooperation mit den Berliner Regionalmuseen (Januar-Dezember 2022).

Einladung als PDF 

Nazi Forced Labour in the Berlin Districts - Part 1

Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf - Places of Nazi Forced Labour and Remembrance

Donnerstag, 20. Januar 2022 | 18 Uhr | online

Über das Gedenken an NS-Zwangsarbeit wurde in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf in den letzten Jahren intensiv debattiert. Wo steht die Aufarbeitung heute?

Das Museum Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf zeigte im Jahr 2020 eine Ausstellung zu Zwangsarbeit im Bezirk. Im vergangenen August wurde, nach sechsjähriger Debatte, in der Wilhelmsaue 39/40 eine Gedenktafel eingeweiht. Weitere Gedenkstelen entstanden jüngst in Eichkamp bzw. demnächst in der Wallenbergstraße. Seit September 2021 gibt es in Charlottenburg-Nord den „Pfad der Erinnerung“, der auch zwei Zwangsarbeitslager markiert.

Welche Fragen sind noch unbeantwortet? Die Veranstaltung widmet sich in Vorträgen und Lesungen aus Erinnerungsberichten dem Stand der Aufarbeitung von NSZwangsarbeit in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf.

Heike Hartmann, Leiterin des Museums Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Dr. Christine Glauning, Leiterin des Dokumentationszentrums NS-Zwangsarbeit
Dr. Cord Pagenstecher, Freie Universität Berlin
Cornelia Ganz, Berliner Forum für Geschichte und Gegenwart e.V.
Laura Brüggemann, Museum Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Hendrik Erdmann und Henri Fruneau

Eine 12-teilige Veranstaltungsreihe in Kooperation mit den Berliner Regionalmuseen (Januar-Dezember 2022).

Einladung als PDF 


Photographs of forced labourers

Between stigma and self-assertion

10. Novemeber 2021 | 19 Uhr | online

Fotografien von Zwangsarbeiter:innen vermitteln oft ein verharmlosendes Bild. Wie lässt sich das erklären? Und wie gehen wir heute mit diesen Fotos um?

Das obenstehende Bild irritiert. Die Frauen sind elegant gekleidet und wirken vergnügt. Zugleich sind sie durch das „P“ auf ihrer Brust als polnische Zwangsarbeiterinnen
stigmatisiert. Was denkt wohl die Frau links von ihnen? Inwiefern können wir aus diesem Bild Erkenntnisse über NS-Zwangsarbeit gewinnen?

Sina Freinatis und Cord Pagenstecher widmen sich in ihren Beiträgen Fotografien, die Zwangsarbeiter:innen privat zeigen. Sina Freinatis hat im Jahr 2020 zu diesem Thema ihre Masterarbeit an der Humboldt-Universität geschrieben. Cord Pagenstecher forscht seit langem zu Fotografien und Visual History.


Begrüßung: Dr. Christine Glauning
Leiterin des Dokumentationszentrums NS-Zwangsarbeit

Vortrag: Sina Freinatis
Historikerin, Lektorin, Kommunikationsmanagerin

Kommentar: Dr. Cord Pagenstecher
Historiker an der Universitätsbibliothek / Center für Digitale Systeme der Freien Universität Berlin, Bereich Digitale Interview-Sammlungen

Moderation: Dr. Tanja Kinzel
Historikerin, Dozentin, Bildungsreferentin, Autorin von „Im Fokus der Kamera. Fotografien aus dem Getto Lodz“ (2021)


"Rotspanier" - Forced Labourers in Hitler's Europe

Tagung 28. + 29. Oktober

Die Ausstellung: „Rotspanier“. Spanische Zwangsarbeiter während des Zweiten Weltkriegs" richtet ihren Blick auf die ca. 40.000 Spanier:innen, die gegen ihren Willen für Nazi-Deutschland arbeiten mussten. Obwohl der Bundesgerichtshof schon 1972 diese Gruppe von Exilspanier:innen als politische Verfolgte des NS-Regimes anerkannt hat und sie von der Bundesrepublik entschädigt wurden, sind diese Verlierer des Bürgerkriegs bis heute in Deutschland und Spanien fast unbekannt.

Ergänzend zur Ausstellung fand am 28. und 29.10.2021 im Rahmen des EU-Projekts „Rotspanier.eu“ im Instituto Cervantes Berlin eine zweitägige Tagung statt, die zum ersten Mal die Geschichte der spanischen Zwangsarbeiter:innen aus verschieden Perspektiven diskutierte.