Here we present a selected list of links to search services, victim associations, museums and memorials dealing with the topic of Italian military internees. Some institutions can support you in your search for relatives or in your research on "Italian military internees". This offer does not claim to be complete and is constantly being expanded.
Do you have personal documents?
The aim of our work is to constantly contribute to improving the research situation on the history of Italian military internees. If you have personal testimonials or testimonials of former military internees, you are welcome to contact us directly.
Contact us: Daniela Geppert, geppert(at)topographie.de
GERMAN SERVICES (WASt) FOR THE NOTIFICATION OF THE NEXT AFFILIATES OF MEMORIES OF THE FORMER GERMAN WEHRMACHTB
Please note: Since 1 January 2019, the German Office (WASt) has been transferred to the Federal Archives. The legally defined tasks will continue to be performed under the umbrella of the Federal Archives.
Personal information department
the First and Second World Wars
Between 1943 and 1945, several camps near Bergen-Belsen concentration camp served as transit camps for Italian military internees. From 1944 one of the largest camps for Italian officers (Oflag 83) was located in Wietzendorf. Italians were also transferred to the POW hospital in Bergen-Belsen. 142 military internees died there and were buried at the edge of the POW cemetery. The Bergen-Belsen concentration camp memorial also offers information on Italian military internees in its exhibition on prisoners of war.
The prisoner of war and labor camp X B (Stalag X B) was one of the largest transit camps for Italian military internees. In September 1943, approximately 67,000 Italian soldiers were registered here and most of them were immediately transported in work detachments. Only the Italian officers remained in Sandbostel.
The Italian military internees are also thematized in the permanent exhibition of the memorial.
Memorial Camp Sandbostel
In cooperation with numerous archival institutions in Germany and abroad, the Federal Archives offer the information portal "Forced Labor in the National Socialist State". The development of the portal was supported by the Foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility and Future" (EVZ). The portal is aimed at
- the former forced labourers and their relatives,
- the historically interested public and
- scientific and local research.
Also accessible online is the list of concentration camp-like camps and places of detention as well as of institutions and enterprises in which forced labour was performed (formerly the list of places of detention of the Foundation EVZ).
The contemporary witness archive is a digital collection of the Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre. It contains biographical source material in the form of audiovisual interviews, letters, photographs and documents of former forced laborers. The collection also contains interviews with former Italian military internees.
In the online archive you can browse and view the complete video interviews thematically after registering. In addition, transcripts and translations of the interviews as well as photos and short biographies of the interviewees are available. Among the available contemporary witness interviews in 25 different languages are also several interviews with former Italian military internees.
THE SAND MINE | NELLA SABBIA DEL BRANDENBURGO
On April 23, 1945, 127 Italian forced laborers were shot dead in a sand pit. The massacre is forgotten. But then the memory returns. The Webdoku offers a cinematic excavation in Treuenbrietzen, Brandenburg.
Produced by OUT OF FOCUS Filmproduktion, supported by the German-Italian Future Fund (AA), the Foundation Erinnerung, Verantwortung, Zukunft (EVZ) and the Brandenburg State Centre for Political Education.