Please note, the main language of all events is German - unless differently noted.

Nazi Forced Labor in Adlershof

An Audiowalk

Sunday, 19 September 2021 | 4 p.m.

The tour consists of nine memorial plaques and 14 audio stations on historical sites of forced labor in Adlershof.

Adlershof was an important industrial site during the Nazi era. Numerous work sites and accommodations for forced laborers were located here. The tour provides information about these historical sites and the companies that profited from forced labor. The offering, which can be accessed online, contains in-depth information, including on the Nazi history of Adlershof.

The Treptow-Köpenick Museums developed the tour in cooperation with the Nazi Forced Labor Documentation Center. After the approx. 45-minute event at the P TWO restaurant, one of the panel locations, guided tours will be offered along the tour.

Welcome: Cornelia Flader District Councillor for Further Education, Schools, Culture and Sport
Introduction: Roland Borchers, Nazi Forced Labor Documentation Center
Project presentation: Agathe Conradi, Director of the Treptow-Köpenick Museums
Lecture on Forced Labor in Adlershof: Thomas Irmer, historian, political scientist, curator of numerous exhibitions, expert on the topic of Nazi Forced Labor

Participation in the event and the guided tours is only possible after prior registration.


"Rotspanier" Forced Laborers in Hitler's Europe


The exhibition: „Rotspanier“. Spanische Zwangsarbeiter während des Zweiten Weltkriegs" focuses on the approximately 40,000 Spaniards who were forced to work for Nazi Germany against their will. Although the Federal Court of Justice recognized this group of exiled Spaniards as political persecutees of the Nazi regime as early as 1972 and they were compensated by the Federal Republic of Germany, these losers of the civil war are still almost unknown in Germany and Spain.

In addition to the exhibition, a two-day conference will be held at the Instituto Cervantes Berlin on October 28 and 29, 2021, as part of the EU project "," which will discuss the history of Spanish forced laborers from various perspectives for the first time.

Preliminary programme



Keynote speech (10-11h)

Ulrich Herbert (Univ. Freiburg).Nach dem Bürgerkrieg. "Rotspanier" im europäischen Exil.


1. Panel (11-13 h)

Scott Soo (Univ. Southampton). From the CTE to the Organisation Todt: continuities, ruptures and ambiguities in the deployment of Spanish exile labour in France.

Peter Gaida (Univ. Bremen). "Unerwünschte Ausländer". Spanische Zwangsarbeiter in Vichy-Frankreich 1940-1944.

Fabian Lemmes (Univ. Bochum). Free and forced labor at the Atlantic Wall in France. The case of the “Rotspanier”.


PAUSA (13-15 h)


2. Panel(15-17 h)

Hans Otto Froland (Univ. Trondheim). Forced labor in the Atlantic Wall in Norway.

Christian Dürr (KZ-Gedenkstätte Mauthausen). Deportation und Zwangsarbeit. “Rotspanier” in Mauthausen.

Marició Janue Miret (Univ. UPF Barcelona).Weder „gezwungen“ noch „freiwillig“, sondern „verleitet“: Arbeiter von Francos Spanien in NS-Deutschland.


3. Panel (17-19 h)

Carlos Collado Seidel (Univ. Ravensburg). The Myth of the Spanish neutrality in WWII.






1. Panel (10-13 h)

Gilly Carr (Univ. Cambridge). The memory and heritage of Spanish Republicans
and forced labourers in the Channel Islands.

Thomas Kersting (Archäologische Gesellschaft Berlin-Brandenburg). Labor camps in Germany. An approach from the arqueology.

Agustín Castellano (Museum Hospitalet Spain). Microhistory of the labor camps in France. “Rotspanier” in the caserne Niel - Bordeaux.


PAUSA (13-14 h)


2. Panel  (14-16 h)

Anja Hasler (Univ. Bremen). Eine Geschichte der Nicht-Tradierung? Die Deportationen von "Rotspaniern" in das KZ Neuengamme im Familiengedächtnis.

Antonio Muñoz Sánchez (Univ. Lisboa). Der erfogreicheKampf der spanischen Zwangsarbeiter für eine Entschädgung durch die Bundesrepublik (1956-1972).

Xosé M. Núñez Seixas (Univ. Santiago). “Vergangenheitsbewältigung” in 21st century Spain: coming to terms with European patterns?


3. Panel (16:30-18 h)

Emilio Grandio (Univ. Santiago de Compostela). Meirás, residence of Franco after restitution to the Spanish state. A place for a museum of the dictatorship?